A world crew of researchers has uncovered the stays of a brand new species of the human within the Philippines, proving the area performed a crucial position in hominin evolutionary historical past. The brand new species, Homo luzonensis, is called after Luzon Island, the place the greater than 50,000-year old fossils had been discovered throughout excavations at Callao Cave.
Co-writer and a lead member of the crew, Professor Philip Piper from The Australian National University (ANU) says the findings characterize a significant breakthrough in our understanding of human evolution throughout Southeast Asia.
The researchers uncovered the stays of not less than two adults and one juvenile throughout the identical archaeological deposits.
Whereas there are nonetheless loads of questions across the origins of Homo luzonensis, and their longevity on the island of Luzon, latest excavations close to Callao Cave produced proof of a butchered rhinoceros and stone instruments relationship to round 700,000 years in the past.
“No hominin fossils had been recovered; however, this does present a timeframe for a hominin presence on Luzon. Whether or not it was Homo luzonensis butchering and consuming the rhinoceros stays to be seen,” Professor Piper stated.
“It makes the entire area important. The Philippines is made up of a bunch of huge islands which were separated lengthy sufficient to have doubtlessly facilitated archipelago speciation. There isn’t any cause why archaeological analysis within the Philippines could not uncover several species of hominin. It is most likely only a matter of time.”
Homo luzonensis shares some distinctive skeletal options with the famous Homo floresiensis or ‘the hobbit,’ found on the island of Flores to the southeast of the Philippine archipelago.
As well as, stone instruments relationship to round 200,000 years in the past have been discovered on the island of Sulawesi, which means that ancient hominins probably inhabited lots of the massive islands of Southeast Asia.