Galaxies are being killed off in among the most extreme regions of the universe, and scientists are attempting to work out how this occurs.
The reason for death is considered a shutdown of star formation, and new project goals to make use of one of the world’s leading telescopes to observe the process in detail.
The Canadian-led project known as the Virgo Environment Traced in Carbon Monoxide survey (VERTICO).
It’ll examine how galaxies can be killed off by their environment.
Principal investigator Toby Brown described in The Conference that he’s mainly a team of 30 experts who shall be using the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) telescope to map stars made in our neighbor galaxy cluster, the Virgo Cluster.
The Virgo Cluster includes up to 2,000 galaxies.
The team will map molecular hydrogen gas within the galaxies because that is the fuel used to make stars.
ALMA is made up of 66 radio telescopes within the Chilean desert and is claimed to be excellent for the research of clouds of dense gas forms new stars.
Galaxy environments and they dictate the life and death of galaxies are shrouded in mystery.
However, scientists do know that galaxy clusters like the Virgo Cluster are one of the extreme environments in the universe.
They’re recognized for tremendous gravitational forces, super-high speeds, and extreme temperatures.
This could make the center of some galaxies uninhabitable, and other galaxies that come into contact with the areas can be killed off.
The VERTICO project goals are to observe how this occurs.
A violent process known as ram pressure stripping can remove gas from a galaxy that falls via clusters.
When all the gas for forming stars is eliminated, a galaxy is essentially a dead object.
Some galaxy cluster environments can also stop gases cooling in a galaxy and starve it of new star formation.
The scientists taking part in the project need to piece together already known facts like this to get a clearer image of the impact of galaxy clusters and the exact processes that trigger the death of star formation and galaxy death.